25. "Many countries have national service, where young adults join the army for a certain period of time after leaving school. Some countries, however, have recently stopped national service."
«Многие страны имеют национальную службу, где молодые люди идут в армию после школы. Некоторые страны, однако, отказались от этого недавно»
"Many countries have national service, where young adults join the army for a certain period of time after leaving school. Some countries, however, have recently stopped national service. "
There is obligatory military service in many countries, Russia is among them. A lot of countries require a specific amount of military service from every citizen. In our country, for example, all males are liable for one year of compulsory military service up to the age of 27. In other countries young adults are liable for the period about 18 months. There are also nations with fully volunteer military service.
On the one hand, some nations do not normally require mandatory military service from its citizens, if it is not at war, such as Germany, France and some other countries. Many nations have no standing army and have no enforced conscription. Moreover, others have civilian, unarmed service alternative to compulsory military service, such as Finland and Norway. A professional, mobile, high-tech army, able to respond quickly to local and regional conflicts has been created in many countries.
On the other hand, each recruit takes the oath, by that he promises to protect his Motherland, to keep the Constitution and its other laws. People who serve the army are taught to deal with weapons, it helps to keep battle readiness, thus, it protects the country in case of war.
I strongly believe that the option to military service is civilian service where an individual finds a job at some public institution. What is more, the army changes people and their views greatly. I am not sure if it is always for the better.
Summing up, I should say that most men avoid the mandatory draft by taking advantage of some rules to avoid conscription, including university study and health problems; though, I admit that the army makes them more mature. (280)
Перевод отдельных слов и выражений:<-- №24---№26 -->
-obligatory/compulsory/ mandatory military service-обязательная военная служба
-be liable for military service-быть военнообязанным
-require mandatory military service- требовать…..
- to have no enforced conscription-нет принудительного набора
-civilian, unarmed service-гражданская служба без оружия
-to respond quickly-быстро реагировать
-each recruit takes the oath- каждый новобранец принимает присягу
-to deal with weapons- обращаться с оружием
-avoid the mandatory draft-избегать обязательного призыва/ avoid conscription- избегать набора
-take advantage of-воспользоваться чем-то
-make somebody mature-делать кого-то зрелым/готовым к….